An Efficient Software Transactional Memory Using Commit-Time Invalidation
Justin E. Gottschlich, Manish Vachharajani, and Jeremy G. Siek
CGO 2010: International Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization


To improve the performance of transactional memory (TM), researchers have found many eager and lazy optimizations for conflict detection, the process of determining if transactions can commit. Despite these optimizations, nearly all TMs perform one aspect of lazy conflict detection in the same manner to preserve serializability. That is, they perform commit-time validation, where a transaction is checked for conflicts with previously committed transactions during its commit phase. While commit-time validation is efficient for workloads that exhibit limited contention, it can limit transaction throughput for contending workloads. This paper presents an efficient implementation of commit-time invalidation, a strategy where transactions resolve their conflicts with in-flight (uncommitted) transactions before they commit. Commit-time invalidation supplies the contention manager (CM) with data that is unavailable through commit-time validation, allowing the CM to make decisions that increase transaction throughput. Commit-time invalidation also requires notably fewer operations than commit-time validation for memory-intensive transactions, uses zero commit-time operations for dynamically detected read-only transactions, and guarantees full opacity for any transaction in O(N) time, an improvement over incremental validation's O(N2) time. Our experimental results show that for contending workloads, our efficient commit-time invalidating software TM (STM) is up to 3 x faster than TL2, a state-of-the-art validating STM.


@string{CGO = "International Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization (CGO)"}
  author = {Justin E. Gottschlich and Manish Vachharajani and Jeremy G. Siek},
  title = {An Efficient Software Transactional Memory Using Commit-Time Invalidation},
  booktitle = CGO,
  year = {2010},